Home R & D Feature Plan of Work

Feature Plan of Work

1) Mechanization in Viticulture :

At present the area under grape cultivation in Maharashtra is more than 3. 5 lakh acres and is expected to increase considerably in the upcoming years. Eventually, all the grape growers are facing a common problem of unavailability of labours and that to at higher wages for carr ying space out various timely operations in viticulture, which leads to increase in production cost. To overcome these problems, it is a dire need of grape growers to introduc e mechanization in vineyards. However, the cost of these machineries is so high that it is not within the reach of a common grape growers.

The Maharashtra Rajya Draksha Bagaitdar Sangh, Pune has stepped forward in the direction and submitted a proposal under Public Private Partnership (PPP) for provision of 50 per cent subsidy on hiring of machineries for viticulture management under RKVY. In response, the Government of Maharashtra has accorded provisional sanction for 30 clusters out of which Rs. 1.60 crores have already been sanctioned as a 50 per cent share for hiring of machineries for three clusters in first phase as per the Government Resolution, dated 26th November, 2013.

List of machineries to be purchased for each cluster.

Name of Machinery :

Sr Name of the Component Price (in Rs) No. of Units per cluster Total Cost For one cluster (in lacs)
1

Electrostatic Spraying System or Electrostatic Spraying System (American)

15,50,000 2 31.00
2. Air Blast sprayer or Low Volume Sprayer 7,72,500 4 30.90
3

Shredder – Tractor operated or Mulcher

5,00,000 1 5. 00
4

Battery operated tying tool

90,000 10 9.00
8

Manure spreader- Tractor operated

5,00,000 1 5.00
6

Soil working implements – offset tractor operated

5,00,000 1 5.00
7

Duster Tractor operated

1,90,000 2 3.80
8

NPK level indicator

A Manual operated

B Tractor mounted


50,000 3,00,000

1 1

0.50 3.00
9

Tractor operated weedicide spraying automatic sensor

A. Manual operated

3,00,000 5,00,000 1 2 3.00 10.00

TOTAL
26 106.20

Expected Output

  • Reduce the excessive sprays of different chemicals which leads to lower down the cost of cultivation.
  • The labour cost on dipping of bunches in chemicals and thinning of bunches will a reduced to a considerable extent.
  • ESS enables the use of minimal volume of pesticides, covering maximum area and number of bunches ensuring efficient disease management. This in turn lowers the risk of residues in grapes for export. The micro size and uniformity of droplets leave no stain of pesticides on the bunches.
  • Minimal sprays of pesticides results in curtailing of environmental and soil pollution.
  • Efficient and timely sprays help in maintaining good quality of grapes in terms of weight and size.
  • Use of shredder in viticulture helps in chopping of pruned canes, leaves, green manures etc, collecting them together and spreading on ridges for converting to compost. This will lead to lesser dependence on chemical, fertilizers, increase in organic matter and finally improve ment in the soil health.
  • These machineries are also helpful in performing the interculturing operations efficiently in vineyards.
  • The manure spreaders are useful in applying the manures efficiently in vineyards. The mechanization in viticulture will lower down the cost of cultivation, improving the quality of produce and will lead to considerable increase in grape export.

Photo copies of some of the machinery

Electrostatic Spraying System


Air Blast sprayer

Shredder – Tractor operated

Manure spreader- Tractor operated


Hydraulic vine structure pole fitting machine – Tractor operated

Low Volume Sprayer

Engine Operated Duster


Tractor Operated Duster

 

2) Weather Forecasting :

In the light of climate change, the entire world is taking various steps to mitigate weather releated risks to increase its food security. The grape crop is known for its weather sensitiveness and thus require s customized risk mitigation practices for better results. Fruit like grape has its relationship with weather parameters like rainfall, relative humidity, temperature, frost, hailstorm, wind etc and such susceptibility of weather is related to its growth, yield and quality. The dependency of the crop on natural resources has made its necessary for proper risk mitigation practices, which may be essential with regards to disease, pest management, irrigation scheduling and other input management. Multiple variations in agro-climatic zones are also a challenge for implementing uniform practices. Therefore, the demand for customized package of practices has roused up and without weather information, customize solution development is impossible.

The Maharashtra Rajya Draksha Bagaitdar Sangh, Pune has taken a step ahead and established 85 weather stations in major grape growing regions viz. Nashik, Sangli, Pune and Solapur in Maharashtra. This organization had submitted proposal under Public Private Partnership (PPP) for provision of 50 per cent subsidy on sustainable weather risk mitigation project for grapes under RKVY. The Government of Maharashtra accorded sanction for 40 lakhs for the purpose as a 50 per cent share.

Outcome of the Activity :

  • 1. Create customized risk mitigation mechanism using ICT.
  • 2. Enhancement of quality yield.
  • 3. Minimize use of inputs and thus reduction in production cost.
  • 4. Residue management thus created will old in better export opportunities.
  • 5. Socio economic benefits for the formers.
  • 6. Rural employment generation.

 

3) Import of New Grape Varieties :

In India Thompson Seedless (white) and Sharad Seedless (Black) are the only important table grape varieties. There is high potential to export table grapes looking to the demand in international market.

However, due to lack of new attractive varieties , we are lagging behind as compared to other countries. Moreover at present the operations like dipping of clusters in growth regulators, thinning of berries etc are required to be carried out manually. These operati ons require large number of skilled labours which are not available easily during fruiting season which not only increase the cost of production but also become major constrain for increasing area under table grape cultivation. Majority of grape growing c ountries are in search of grape varieties having bold berries with naturally loose bunches without application of growth regulators.

The Desired Characters of such Varieties are listed below.

  • High Fruitfulness
  • Loose bunches
  • Naturally bold berry size
  • Red varieties that develop colour naturally
  • Rain resistance
  • Disease tolerance

Good Post Harvest Characters

Private breeders in USA and Australia have developed many hybrid varieties of table grapes having good post harvest characters like crisp / crunchy berries, green stem and different flavours having high demand in international market. These varieties can be commercially exploited only after paying royalties to IP right owners. In countries like South Africa, Australia, Chile, Spain, Egypt and Peru many varieties with good post harvest characters are becoming popular and production cost of table grape varieties in these countries is very less and more competitive. In India varieties with above mentioned characters are not available.

Identification of Varieties to be Imported and their IP Right Owners :

The delegation consisting of officials of Maharashtra Rajya Draksha Bagaitdar Sangh and the Director of National Research Center for Grapes, Pune visited Murcia region of Spain in 2013. Where vineyards of varieties where at harvesting stage. The delegation observe white and red varieties grown in growers field and were convinced that varieties were grown without application or less application of growth regulators and without manual bunch thinning operations. The berries were bold, more than 20 mm size, with naturally loose bunches and without or very limited application of growth regulators. Most of the varieties were pulpy having a yield of more than 10-12 tonnes per acre and reported good s helf life for long distance transport.

Some of the varieties have been given below :

White Variety

TIMPSON


IVORY SEEDLESS

MELANIE



Red Variety

TIMCO


MAGENTA

MELODY



The delegation also visited Berlin during February, 2014 and visited stalls of different nurseries in "Fruit Logistica" featuring many more varieties. The delegation also had a formal meeting with officials of Special New Fruits Licensing Limited (SNFL), where SNFL shared details of varieties which they proposed to introduce in India as given below.


  • (SNFL) Grapes

Among these varieties about 15 varieties will be selected for testing the performance under Indian Conditions and based on the performance 5 to 6 varieties will be selected for commercial exploitation in India. Mr. Duncan Macintyre, Managing Director of SNFL recently visited India on invitation by M.R.D.B.S. and reviewed the Indian scenario on protection of patented varieties in India. The company has show n willingness to provide these patented varieties. Once the financial provision is made and MOU is approved our organization will apply for the import of planting material through quarantine procedure.